Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to manoeuvre a ball or a puck into the opponent’s goal using a hockey stick. There are many types of hockey such as bandy, field hockey, ice hockey and rink hockey.

Who invented ?

Various museums give evidence that many centuries before Columbus arrived in the New World, the Romans and Greeks as well as the Aztecs played a version of the game. In the mid-18th century, the modern game of hockey originated in England and is mainly due to the growth of public schools, such as Eton.

How many players are in?

11 players

There are 11 players on a team made up of a goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders and attackers. The only player on the field who is allowed to use their feet and hands as well as their stick is the goalkeeper. The International Hockey Federation (IHF) is responsible for the Rules of Hockey.

Rules of Hockey

Basic Field Rules

1.      You may only use the flat side of your stick.

2.     You must be properly attired – shin guards, mouth guards, no jewelry, etc.

3.     10 field players plus a goalie play at one time.

4.     The field hockey game lasts for two 30 minute halves.

5.     Substitutions – the field player must exit the field at the 50, only then can the new player step onto the field.

6.     The ball cannot go in the air, especially on free hits. This is judged by the discretion of the ref. The exception is a shot on goal, as long as there is not a player in the direct line of the ball and no one is in harm’s way.

7.     Self –start. When taking a hit into the circle, whether it is a free hit or long hit, you cannot directly hit into the circle. You must pass it first or carry the ball for 5 yards before hitting the ball into the circle.

For free hits anywhere else on the field, you may either: take a direct hit, pass to one of your players, or carry the ball for 3 yards before hitting it.

8.     Any time a foul occurs in either team’s circle, a corner hit will be called.


1.      The ball cannot hit your feet.

2.     You cannot raise your stick above your waste during regular play. If you are taking a free hit, it is up to the discretion of the ref.

3.     You cannot tackle (go for the ball) from behind. You must face your opponent head on (shoulder to shoulder) if you are fighting for the ball.

4.     No third party. It is one vs. one at all times. Once another player tries to go for the ball, a foul is called.

5.     Obstruction – when your back is turned to another player and you are between the ball and that player.

What is Hockey known for?

Ice hockey, game between two teams, each usually having six players, who wear skates and compete on an ice rink. The object is to propel a vulcanized rubber disk, the puck, past a goal line and into a net guarded by a goaltender, or goalie

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